How Does the Ending of Animal Farm by George Orwell Reflect the Themes and Events of the Story?

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In the realm of classic literature, George Orwell’s “Animal Farm” stands as a profound allegorical tale that captivates readers with its timeless themes and thought-provoking narrative. As we delve deeper into the story, one cannot overlook the significance of the ending. In this article, we will explore how the ending of “Animal Farm” reflects the themes and events that unfold throughout the novel, shedding light on the power dynamics, corruption, and manipulation depicted within its pages.

Understanding the Ending of Animal Farm

At the heart of understanding the ending lies the culmination of events that shape the fates of the farm’s inhabitants. The animals, fueled by a desire for freedom and equality, successfully overthrow their human oppressors, led by the pigs who emerge as the new ruling class. However, as time progresses, the pigs, led by Napoleon, gradually become corrupted by power, mirroring the very tyranny they once rebelled against. The ending of “Animal Farm” showcases the full extent of their corruption and betrayal.

Themes Portrayed in Animal Farm

Power and Corruption

Throughout the novel, power and corruption intertwine, ultimately leading to the downfall of the animal-led revolution. The ending serves as a stark reflection of this theme, as the pigs, particularly Napoleon, exploit their positions of authority to oppress and manipulate the other animals. Their lust for power leads to the erosion of the original ideals of equality and justice, highlighting the corrupting nature of power.

Class Struggle

Another central theme in “Animal Farm” is the portrayal of class struggle. The ending underscores the widening gap between the ruling class, represented by the pigs, and the working class, symbolized by the other animals. As the pigs gain more control and privileges, the rest of the animals are subjected to increasing hardships and inequality, emphasizing the perpetuation of class divisions even in a supposedly egalitarian society.

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Manipulation and Propaganda

The pigs’ ability to manipulate and control the narrative through propaganda plays a crucial role in the story. The ending of “Animal Farm” showcases the pigs’ mastery of propaganda techniques, as they rewrite history, alter commandments, and deceive the other animals. This manipulation shapes the perception of reality on the farm and further solidifies the pigs’ grip on power.

Betrayal and Loyalty

Betrayal and loyalty are recurring themes in “Animal Farm.” The ending is rife with instances of betrayal, as the pigs gradually betray the principles they initially fought for. The animals’ loyalty is tested, and some, like Boxer, remain steadfast until the end, while others succumb to the pigs’ manipulation. The ending serves as a reminder of the consequences of misplaced loyalty and the devastating impact of betrayal.

Symbolism and Allegory in the Ending

The ending of “Animal Farm” is replete with symbolism and allegory, providing a deeper layer of meaning to the narrative. The fate of Boxer, the loyal and hardworking horse, represents the exploitation of the working class by the ruling elite. His tragic end symbolizes the ultimate betrayal of the animals’ trust and the pigs’ disregard for their well-being.

Furthermore, the windmill, which serves as a symbol of progress and equality during the revolution, becomes a tool for the pigs’ enrichment and consolidation of power in the ending. It represents the manipulation of the animals’ hopes and dreams, highlighting the pigs’ ability to exploit symbols of progress for their own gain.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) about the Ending

Why did the animals allow the pigs to take over?

The animals’ initial intention was to overthrow the human oppressors and establish a society based on equality and justice. However, the pigs, led by Napoleon, gradually seized control by manipulating the other animals through propaganda, fear, and force. The animals’ lack of education and organization, combined with the pigs’ manipulation, allowed the pigs to consolidate power and establish themselves as the ruling class.

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What is the significance of the windmill in the ending?

The windmill represents the ideals of progress and equality that motivated the animals to rebel against their human masters. However, in the ending, the pigs exploit the windmill for their own benefit, using it to generate profits and consolidate their power. This symbolizes the pigs’ betrayal of the animals’ original intentions and their ability to pervert symbols of progress for their own gain.

Did the revolution fail in the end?

While the revolution initially succeeded in overthrowing the humans, the ending of “Animal Farm” portrays the failure of the revolution’s ideals. The pigs’ corruption and oppression ultimately lead to a society that mirrors the tyranny they once fought against. The ending serves as a cautionary tale, highlighting the potential for revolutions to be co-opted and the challenges of maintaining true equality and justice.


In conclusion, the ending of “Animal Farm” by George Orwell acts as a powerful reflection of the themes and events that unfold throughout the story. Through its portrayal of power and corruption, class struggle, manipulation and propaganda, and betrayal and loyalty, the ending serves as a cautionary tale about the dangers of unchecked authority and the erosion of revolutionary ideals. Orwell’s masterful use of symbolism and allegory further enhances the impact of the ending, leaving readers with a profound understanding of the consequences of power and the fragility of equality in the face of human nature. “Animal Farm” continues to resonate with readers, serving as a timeless reminder of the potential pitfalls that await societies in their pursuit of freedom and justice.

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